A blind dereverberation method for narrowband source localization

Abstract : Narrowband source localization gets extremely challenging in strong reverberation. When the room is perfectly known, some dictionary-based methods have recently been proposed , allowing source localization with few measurements. In this paper, we first show that, for these methods, the choice of frequencies is important as they fail to localize sources that emit at a frequency near the modal frequencies of the room. A more difficult case, but also important in practice, is when the room geometry and boundary conditions are unknown. In this setup, we introduce a new model for the acoustic soundfield, based on the Vekua theory, that allows a separation of the field into its reverberant and direct source contributions, at the cost of more measurements. This can be used for the design of a dereverberation pre-processing step, suitable for a large variety of standard source localization techniques. We discuss the spatial sampling strategies for the sound field, in order to successfully recover acoustic sources, and the influence of parameters such as number of measurements and model order. This is validated in numerical and experimental tests, that show that this method significantly improves localization in strong reverberant conditions.
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IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing, IEEE, 2015, pp.11. 〈10.1109/JSTSP.2015.2422673〉
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Gilles Chardon, Thibault Nowakowski, Julien De Rosny, Laurent Daudet. A blind dereverberation method for narrowband source localization. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing, IEEE, 2015, pp.11. 〈10.1109/JSTSP.2015.2422673〉. 〈hal-01148974〉

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