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Conference papers

An articulatory model of the velum developed from cineradiographic data

Yves Laprie 1
1 MULTISPEECH - Speech Modeling for Facilitating Oral-Based Communication
Inria Nancy - Grand Est, LORIA - NLPKD - Department of Natural Language Processing & Knowledge Discovery
Abstract : The objective of this work is to develop an articulatory model which comprises the velum so as to be able to synthesize nasal vowels and consonants in French. Unlike one exception of a velum model developed from static 3D MRI images there is no model derived from articulatory data that can be used within a vocal tract articulatory model. Our model is derived from X-ray films of the DOCVACIM database. The velum contour has been tracked semi automatically and then carefully checked and corrected from 1050 mid-sagittal images of the vocal tract. Principal component analysis has been applied onto these contours. The first component represents more than 50% of the variance and controls the velum opening. The next two components capture 20 and 12 % of the variance respectively and explain the deformation of the velum between open and close configurations. In parallel a series of MRI images of nasal vowels and consonant of French was analyzed. The velum opening roughly has a shape of a bean, whose length is almost constant for one speaker and width is given by the 2D articulatory model. Together with an evaluation of the nasal cavities this model can be used for articulatory synthesis.
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Contributor : Yves Laprie <>
Submitted on : Monday, August 31, 2015 - 2:47:02 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 4:51:11 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-01188760, version 1



Yves Laprie. An articulatory model of the velum developed from cineradiographic data. 169th Meeting: Acoustical Society of America, May 2015, Pittsburgh, United States. ⟨hal-01188760⟩



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