A Non-parametric Statistical Shape Model for Assessment of the Surgically Repaired Aortic Arch in Coarctation of the Aorta: How Normal is Abnormal?

Abstract : Coarctation of the Aorta (CoA) is a cardiac defect that requires surgical intervention aiming to restore an unobstructed aortic arch shape. Many patients suffer from complications post-repair, which are commonly associated with arch shape abnormalities. Determining the degree of shape abnormality could improve risk stratification in recommended screening procedures. Yet, traditional morphometry struggles to capture the highly complex arch geometries. Therefore, we use a non-parametric Statistical Shape Model based on mathematical currents to fully account for 3D global and regional shape features. By computing a template aorta of a population of healthy subjects and analysing its transformations towards CoA arch shape models using Partial Least Squares regression techniques, we derived a shape vector as a measure of subject-specific shape abnormality. Results were compared to a shape ranking by clinical experts. Our study suggests Statistical Shape Modelling to be a promising diagnostic tool for improved screening of complex cardiac defects.
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Statistical Atlases and Computational Modeling of the Heart (STACOM 2015), Oct 2015, Munich, Germany. Springer, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 9534, Statistical Atlases and Computational Models of the Heart. Imaging and Modelling Challenges: 6th International Workshop, STACOM 2015, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2015, Munich, Germany, October 9, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. 〈http://www.cardiacatlas.org/web/stacom2015/〉. 〈10.1007/978-3-319-28712-6_3〉
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Jan Bruse, Kristin Mcleod, Giovanni Biglino, Hopewell Ntsinjana, Claudio Capelli, et al.. A Non-parametric Statistical Shape Model for Assessment of the Surgically Repaired Aortic Arch in Coarctation of the Aorta: How Normal is Abnormal?. Statistical Atlases and Computational Modeling of the Heart (STACOM 2015), Oct 2015, Munich, Germany. Springer, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 9534, Statistical Atlases and Computational Models of the Heart. Imaging and Modelling Challenges: 6th International Workshop, STACOM 2015, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2015, Munich, Germany, October 9, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. 〈http://www.cardiacatlas.org/web/stacom2015/〉. 〈10.1007/978-3-319-28712-6_3〉. 〈hal-01205515〉

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