A Taxonomy of Attacks in RPL-based Internet of Things

Anthéa Mayzaud 1 Rémi Badonnel 1 Isabelle Chrisment 1
1 MADYNES - Management of dynamic networks and services
LORIA - NSS - Department of Networks, Systems and Services, Inria Nancy - Grand Est
Abstract : The growing interest for the Internet of Things is contributing to the large-scale deployment of Low power and Lossy Networks (LLN). These networks support communications amongst objects from the real world, such as home automation devices and embedded sensors, and their interconnection to the Internet. An open standard routing protocol, called RPL, has been specified by the IETF in order to address the specific properties and constraints of these networks. However, this protocol is exposed to a large variety of attacks. Their consequences can be quite significant in terms of network performance and resources. In this paper, we propose to establish a taxonomy of the attacks against this protocol, considering three main categories including attacks targeting network resources, attacks modifying the network topology and attacks related to network traffic. We describe these attacks, analyze and compare their properties, discuss existing counter-measures and their usage from a risk management perspective.
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Anthéa Mayzaud, Rémi Badonnel, Isabelle Chrisment. A Taxonomy of Attacks in RPL-based Internet of Things. International Journal of Network Security, IJNS, 2016, 18 (3), pp.459 - 473. ⟨hal-01207859⟩

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