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Touchard-Riordan formulas, T-fractions, and Jacobi's triple product identity

Abstract : We give a combinatorial proof of a Touchard-Riordan-like formula discovered by the first author. As a consequence we find a connection between his formula and Jacobi's triple product identity. We then give a combinatorial analog of Jacobi's triple product identity by showing that a finite sum can be interpreted as a generating function of weighted Schröder paths, so that the triple product identity is recovered by taking the limit. This can be stated in terms of some continued fractions called T-fractions, whose important property is the fact that they satisfy some functional equation. We show that this result permits to explain and generalize some Touchard-Riordan-like formulas appearing in enumerative problems.
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  • HAL Id : hal-01215053, version 1



Matthieu Josuat-Vergès, Jang-Soo Kim. Touchard-Riordan formulas, T-fractions, and Jacobi's triple product identity. 23rd International Conference on Formal Power Series and Algebraic Combinatorics (FPSAC 2011), 2011, Reykjavik, Iceland. pp.563-574. ⟨hal-01215053⟩



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