A Temperature Phantom to Probe the Ensemble Average Propagator Asymmetry: an In-Silico Study

Abstract : The detection and quantification of asymmetry in the Ensemble Average Propagator (EAP) obtained from the Diffusion-Weighted (DW) signal has been shown only for theoretical models. EAP asymmetry appears for instance when diffusion occurs within fibers with particular geometries. However the quan-tification of EAP asymmetry corresponding to such geometries in controlled experimental conditions is limited by the difficulty of designing fiber geometries on a micrometer scale. To overcome this limitation we propose to adopt an alternative paradigm to induce asymmetry in the EAP. We apply a temperature gradient to a spinal cord tract to induce a corresponding diffusivity profile that alters locally the diffusion process to be asymmetric. We simulate the EAP and the corresponding complex DW signal in such a scenario. We quantify EAP asymmetry and investigate its relationship with the applied experimental conditions and with the acquisition parameters of a Pulsed Gradient Spin-Echo sequence. Results show that EAP asymmetry is sensible to the applied temperature-induced diffusivity gradient and that its quantification is influenced by the selected acquisition parameters.
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Computational Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Oct 2015, Munich, Germany. Computational Diffusion MRI 2015. 〈10.1007/978-3-319-28588-7_16〉
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Marco Pizzolato, Demian Wassermann, Tanguy Duval, Jennifer S. W. Campbell, Timothé Boutelier, et al.. A Temperature Phantom to Probe the Ensemble Average Propagator Asymmetry: an In-Silico Study. Computational Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Oct 2015, Munich, Germany. Computational Diffusion MRI 2015. 〈10.1007/978-3-319-28588-7_16〉. 〈hal-01218143〉

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