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Discrete Cache Insertion Policies for Shared Last Level Cache Management on Large Multicores

Aswinkumar Sridharan 1 André Seznec 1
1 ALF - Amdahl's Law is Forever
Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D3 - ARCHITECTURE
Abstract : Multi-core processors employ shared Last Level Caches (LLC). This trend will continue in the future with large multi-core processors (16 cores and beyond) as well. At the same time, the associativity of this LLC tends to remain in the order of sixteen. Consequently, with large multicore processors, the number of cores that share the LLC becomes larger than the associativity of the cache itself. LLC management policies have been extensively studied for small scale multi-cores (4 to 8 cores) and associativity degree in the 16 range. However, the impact of LLC management on large multi-cores is essentially unknown, in particular when the associativity degree is smaller than the number of cores. In this study, we introduce Adaptive Discrete and deprioritized Application PrioriTization (ADAPT), an LLC management policy addressing the large multi-cores where the LLC associativity degree is smaller than the number of cores. ADAPT builds on the use of the Footprint-number metric. Footprint-number is defined as the number of unique accesses (block addresses) that an application generates to a cache set in an interval of time. We propose a monitoring mechanism that dynamically samples cache sets to estimate the Footprint-number of applications and classifies them into discrete (distinct and more than two) priority buckets. The cache replacement policy leverages this classification and assigns priorities to cache lines of applications during cache replacement operations. Footprint-number is computed periodically to account the dynamic changes in applications? behavior. We further find that de-prioritizing certain applications during cache replacement is beneficial to the overall performance. We evaluate our proposal on 16, 20 and 24-core multi-programmed workloads and discuss other aspects in detail.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 17, 2015 - 6:14:22 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 2, 2022 - 3:50:44 PM
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Aswinkumar Sridharan, André Seznec. Discrete Cache Insertion Policies for Shared Last Level Cache Management on Large Multicores. [Research Report] RR-8816, INRIA-IRISA Rennes Bretagne Atlantique, équipe ALF. 2015. ⟨hal-01236706v2⟩



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