Anisotropic linear forcing for synthetic turbulence generation in large eddy simulation and hybrid RANS/LES modeling

Abstract : A general forcing method for Large Eddy Simulation (LES) is proposed for the purpose of providing the flow with fluctuations that satisfy a desired statistical state. This method, the Anisotropic Linear Forcing (ALF) introduces an unsteady linear tensor function of the resolved velocity which acts as a restoring force in the mean velocity and resolved stress budgets. The ALF generalizes and extends several forcing previously proposed in the literature. In order to make it possible to impose the integral length scale of the turbulence generated by the forcing term, an alternative formulation of the ALF, using a differential spatial filter, is proposed and analyzed. The anisotropic forcing of the Reynolds stresses is particularly attractive, since unsteady turbulent fluctuations can be locally enhanced or damped, depending on the target stresses. As such, it is shown that the ALF is an effective method to promote turbulent fluctuations downstream of the LES inlet or at the interface between RANS and LES in zonal hybrid RANS/LES modeling. The detailed analysis of the influence of the ALF parameters in spatially developing channel flows and hybrid computations where the ALF target statistics are given by a RANS second-moment closure show that this original approach performs as well as the synthetic eddy method. However, since the ALF method is more flexible and significant computational savings are obtained, the method appears a promising all-in-one solution for general embedded LES simulations.
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Physics of Fluids, American Institute of Physics, 2015, 27, pp.35. 〈10.1063/1.4916019〉
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B De Laage de Meux, B Audebert, R. Manceau, R Perrin. Anisotropic linear forcing for synthetic turbulence generation in large eddy simulation and hybrid RANS/LES modeling. Physics of Fluids, American Institute of Physics, 2015, 27, pp.35. 〈10.1063/1.4916019〉. 〈hal-01246100〉

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