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Age-structured and delay differential-difference model of hematopoietic stem cell dynamics

Mostafa Adimy 1, 2, 3 Abdennasser Chekroun 3, 2 Tarik-Mohamed Touaoula 4
2 DRACULA - Multi-scale modelling of cell dynamics : application to hematopoiesis
CGPhiMC - Centre de génétique et de physiologie moléculaire et cellulaire, Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, ICJ - Institut Camille Jordan [Villeurbanne]
3 MMCS - Modélisation mathématique, calcul scientifique
ICJ - Institut Camille Jordan [Villeurbanne]
Abstract : In this paper, we investigate a mathematical model of hematopoi-etic stem cell dynamics. We take two cell populations into account, quiescent and proliferating one, and we note the difference between dividing cells that enter directly to the quiescent phase and dividing cells that return to the proliferating phase to divide again. The resulting mathematical model is a system of two age-structured partial differential equations. By integrating this system over age and using the characteristics method, we reduce it to a delay differential-difference system, and we investigate the existence and stability of the steady states. We give sufficient conditions for boundedness and unbound-edness properties for the solutions of this system. By constructing a Lyapunov function, the trivial steady state, describing cell's dying out, is proven to be globally asymptotically stable when it is the only equilibrium. The stability analysis of the unique positive steady state, the most biologically meaningful one, and the existence of a Hopf bifurcation allow the determination of a stability area, which is related to a delay-dependent characteristic equation. Numerical simulations illustrate our results on the asymptotic behavior of the steady states and show very rich dynamics of this model. This study may be helpful in understanding the uncontrolled proliferation of blood cells in some hematological disorders.
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Mostafa Adimy, Abdennasser Chekroun, Tarik-Mohamed Touaoula. Age-structured and delay differential-difference model of hematopoietic stem cell dynamics. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series B, American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2015, 20 (9), pp.27. ⟨10.3934/dcdsb.2015.20.2765⟩. ⟨hal-01249892⟩

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