Lateralizing value of semiology in medial temporal lobe epilepsy.

Abstract : Analysing the clinical characteristics of seizures constitutes a fundamental aspect of the presurgical evaluation of patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy and unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS), the most frequent form of focal epilepsy accessible to surgery. We sought to retrospectively determine whether objective manifestations could have a reliable lateralizing value in a large population of MTLE-HS patients and if their presence could help to identify those patients who would be seizure free after surgery. We analysed the frequency and predictive lateralizing value of objective ictal and postictal signs in 391 patients with MTLE-HS (183 left/208 right). Data were derived from chart review and not from blinded videoEEG analysis. Correlation between the presence of reliable lateralizing signs and postoperative outcome was performed in a subgroup of 302 patients who underwent surgery. Contralateral dystonic posturing was the most frequent and reliable lateralizing sign that correctly lateralized the focus in 96% of patients. Unilateral head/eye deviation was noted in 42% of the patients and predicted unilateral focus in 67%. Ipsilateral postictal nose wiping, contralateral clonus and hypokinesia correctly lateralized the focus in 75%, 81%, respectively, and 100 of patients but were less frequently depicted. Postictal aphasia was a strong lateralizing sign for left MLE-HS. The presence of reliable lateralizing signs was not a predictor of seizure freedom. Seizure semiology is a simple tool that may permit reliable lateralization of the seizure focus in MTLE-HS. The presence of reliable lateralizing signs is not associated with a better postoperative outcome.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica Supplementum, Wiley-Blackwell, 2015, 132 (6), pp.401-9
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Contributeur : Olivier Colliot <>
Soumis le : jeudi 7 janvier 2016 - 19:59:58
Dernière modification le : vendredi 31 août 2018 - 08:47:24

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  • HAL Id : hal-01252642, version 1
  • PUBMED : 25855246

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UPMC | ICM

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Sophie Dupont, Yves Samson, V-H Nguyen-Michel, C Zavanone, V Navarro, et al.. Lateralizing value of semiology in medial temporal lobe epilepsy.. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica Supplementum, Wiley-Blackwell, 2015, 132 (6), pp.401-9. 〈hal-01252642〉

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