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The worst visibility walk in a random Delaunay triangulation is $O(\sqrt{n})$

Olivier Devillers 1 Ross Hemsley 2
1 VEGAS - Effective Geometric Algorithms for Surfaces and Visibility
LORIA - ALGO - Department of Algorithms, Computation, Image and Geometry, Inria Nancy - Grand Est
2 GEOMETRICA - Geometric computing
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , Inria Saclay - Ile de France
Abstract : We show that the memoryless routing algorithms Greedy Walk, Compass Walk, and all variants of visibility walk based on orientation predicates are asymptotically optimal in the average case on the Delaunay triangulation. More specifically, we consider the Delaunay triangulation of an unbounded Poisson point process of unit rate and demonstrate that, for any pair of vertices (s, t) inside a square of area n, the ratio between the longest and shortest visibility walks between s and t is bounded by a constant with probability converging to one (as long as the vertices are sufficiently far apart). As a corollary, it follows that the worst-case path has $O(\sqrt{n})$ steps in the limiting case, under the same conditions. Our results have applications in routing in mobile networks and also settle a long-standing conjecture in point location using walking algorithms. Our proofs use techniques from percolation theory and stochastic geometry.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 25, 2016 - 6:06:01 PM
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Olivier Devillers, Ross Hemsley. The worst visibility walk in a random Delaunay triangulation is $O(\sqrt{n})$ . Journal of Computational Geometry, Carleton University, Computational Geometry Laboratory, 2016, 7 (1), pp.332-359. ⟨10.20382/jocg.v7i1a16⟩. ⟨hal-01348831⟩



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