C. Raymond and G. Riccardi, Generative and Discriminative Algorithms for Spoken Language Understanding, InterSpeech, pp.1605-1608, 2007.

Y. He and S. Young, Semantic processing using the Hidden Vector State model, Computer Speech & Language, vol.19, issue.1, pp.85-106, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.csl.2004.03.001

K. Yao, G. Zweig, M. Hwang, Y. Shi, and D. Yu, Recurrent neural networks for language understanding, InterSpeech, pp.2524-2528, 2013.

K. Yao, B. Peng, Y. Zhang, D. Yu, G. Zweig et al., Spoken language understanding using long short-term memory neural networks, 2014 IEEE Spoken Language Technology Workshop (SLT), pp.189-194, 2014.
DOI : 10.1109/SLT.2014.7078572

G. Kurata, B. Xiang, B. Zhou, and M. Yu, Leveraging Sentencelevel Information with Encoder LSTM for Natural Language Understanding, 2016.

W. C. Yang and R. Salakhutdinov, Multi-Task Cross- Lingual Sequence Tagging from Scratch, arXiv, 2016.

S. Hochreiter and J. Schmidhuber, Long Short-Term Memory, Neural Computation, vol.4, issue.8, pp.1735-1780, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/0893-6080(88)90007-X

F. A. Gers, J. Schmidhuber, and F. Cummins, Learning to Forget: Continual Prediction with LSTM, Neural Computation, vol.3, issue.10, pp.2451-2471, 2000.
DOI : 10.1162/neco.1990.2.4.490

K. Cho, B. Van-merriënboer, C. Gulcehre, D. Bahdanau, F. Bougares et al., Learning Phrase Representations using RNN Encoder???Decoder for Statistical Machine Translation, Proceedings of the 2014 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP), 2014.
DOI : 10.3115/v1/D14-1179

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01433235

V. Vukotic, C. Raymond, and G. Gravier, Is it time to switch to word embedding and recurrent neural networks for spoken language understanding, InterSpeech, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01196915

M. Schuster and K. K. Paliwal, Bidirectional recurrent neural networks, IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol.45, issue.11, pp.2673-2681, 1997.
DOI : 10.1109/78.650093

D. A. Dahl, M. Bates, M. Brown, W. Fisher, K. Hunicke-smith et al., Expanding the scope of the ATIS task, Proceedings of the workshop on Human Language Technology , HLT '94, pp.43-48, 1994.
DOI : 10.3115/1075812.1075823

H. Bonneau-maynard, S. Rosset, C. Ayache, A. Kuhn, and D. Mostefa, Semantic Annotation of the French Media Dialog Corpus, InterSpeech, 2005.

Y. Bengio, P. Simard, and P. Frasconi, Learning long-term dependencies with gradient descent is difficult, IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, vol.5, issue.2, pp.157-166, 1994.
DOI : 10.1109/72.279181

D. Bahdanau, K. Cho, and Y. Bengio, Neural machine translation by jointly learning to align and translate, 2014.

O. Vinyals, ?. Kaiser, T. Koo, S. Petrov, I. Sutskever et al., Grammar as a foreign language, Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, pp.2755-2763, 2015.

J. Chung, C. Gulcehre, K. Cho, and Y. Bengio, Empirical evaluation of gated recurrent neural networks on sequence modeling, 2014.

I. Sutskever, O. Vinyals, and Q. V. Le, Sequence to sequence learning with neural networks, " in Advances in neural information processing systems, pp.3104-3112, 2014.

F. Chollet, Keras, 2015.