Caractérisation de la Réponse Ultrasonore d'Implant Dentaire : Simulation Numérique et Analyse des Signaux

Abstract : The long-term success of a dental implant is related to the properties of the bone-implant interface. It is important to follow the evolution of bone remodeling phenomena around the implant. To date, there is no satisfactory method for tracking physiological and mechanical properties of this area, and it is difficult for clinicians to qualitatively and quantitatively assess the stability of a dental implant. In this context, methods based on ultrasound wave propagation were already successfully used by our group, in the qualitative and quantitative evaluation of primary and secondary stability of dental implants. In this study we perform numerical simulations, using the finite element method, of wave propagation in a dental implant inserted into bone. To simplify the calculations, an axisymmetric geometry is considered. Given the importance of monitoring of peri-prosthetic area, particular attention is given to the boundary conditions between the implant and the bone. The numerical results are compared with those from experimental tests. These results, numerical and experimental, are then analysed with signal processing tools based on multifractal methods. Analysis of the first results shows that these methods are potentially efficient in this case because they can explore and exploit the multi-scale structure of the signal.
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G Rosi, I Scala, V.H. Nguyen, Salah Naili, R Vayron, et al.. Caractérisation de la Réponse Ultrasonore d'Implant Dentaire : Simulation Numérique et Analyse des Signaux. Congrès Français d'Acoustique 2016, Apr 2016, Le Mans, France. ⟨hal-01356146⟩

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