H. L. Lee, V. Padmanabhan, and S. Whang, The bullwhip effect in supply chains, IEEE Engineering Management Review, vol.43, issue.2, pp.93-102, 1997.
DOI : 10.1109/EMR.2015.7123235

D. J. Bowersox, D. J. Closs, and S. B. Keller, How supply chain competency leads to business success, Supply Chain Management Review, vol.4, issue.4, pp.70-78, 2000.

A. Moutaoukil, R. Derrouiche, and G. Neubert, Modeling a Logistics Pooling Strategy for Agri-Food SMEs, Collaborative Systems for Reindustrialization, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, pp.621-630, 2013.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-40543-3_65

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01463256

N. Yakovleva, J. Sarkis, and T. Sloan, Sustainable benchmarking of supply chains: the case of the food industry, International Journal of Production Research, vol.17, issue.3, 2012.
DOI : 10.1108/14635779610112458

G. Hasle and O. Kloster, Industrial Vehicle Routing Geometric Modelling, Numerical Simulation, and Optimization, pp.397-435, 2007.

C. D. Tarantilis, C. T. Kiranoudis, and V. S. Vassiliadis, A threshold accepting metaheuristic for the heterogeneous fixed fleet vehicle routing problem, European Journal of Operational Research, vol.152, issue.1, pp.148-158, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0377-2217(02)00669-0

O. Bräysy, W. Dullaert, G. Hasle, D. Mester, and M. Gendreau, An Effective Multirestart Deterministic Annealing Metaheuristic for the Fleet Size and Mix Vehicle-Routing Problem with Time Windows, Transportation Science, vol.42, issue.3, pp.371-386, 2008.
DOI : 10.1287/trsc.1070.0217

U. Pasha, A. Hoff, and A. Løkketangen, The Shrinking and Expanding Heuristic for the Fleet Size and Mix Vehicle Routing Problem, Presented at the Communications ? Scientific Letters, pp.6-13, 2013.

F. Gheysens, B. Golden, and A. Assad, A new heuristic for determining fleet size and composition, Netflow at Pisa, Mathematical Programming Studies, pp.233-236, 1986.
DOI : 10.1007/BFb0121103

S. Erdo?an and E. Miller-hooks, A Green Vehicle Routing Problem, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, vol.48, issue.1, pp.100-114, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tre.2011.08.001

T. Bekta? and G. Laporte, The Pollution-Routing Problem, Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, vol.45, issue.8, pp.1232-1250, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.trb.2011.02.004

M. Figliozzi, Vehicle Routing Problem for Emissions Minimization, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, vol.2197, pp.1-7, 2010.
DOI : 10.3141/2197-01

H. W. Kopfer, J. Schönberger, and H. Kopfer, Reducing greenhouse gas emissions of a heterogeneous vehicle fleet, Flexible Services and Manufacturing Journal, vol.131, issue.1, pp.221-248, 2014.
DOI : 10.1007/s10696-013-9180-9

S. Ubeda, F. J. Arcelus, and J. Faulin, Green logistics at Eroski: A case study, International Journal of Production Economics, vol.131, issue.1, pp.44-51, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ijpe.2010.04.041

C. Scott, N. Urquhart, and E. Hart, Influence of Topology and Payload on CO2 Optimised Vehicle Routing, Applications of Evolutionary Computation, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp.141-150, 2010.

L. Ntziachristos and Z. Samaras, COPERT III Computer programme to calculate emissions from road transport -Methodology and emission factors ? European Environment Agency (EEA) (Publication No, 2000.

S. Pan, E. Ballot, and F. Fontane, The reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from freight transport by pooling supply chains, International Journal of Production Economics, vol.143, issue.1, pp.86-94, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ijpe.2010.10.023

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00733678

M. Jancovici, Bilan carbone. Guide des facteurs d'émissions -Calcul des facteurs d'émissions et sources bibliographiques utilisées, 2007.