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Algebraic properties of polar codes from a new polynomial formalism

Abstract : —Polar codes form a very powerful family of codes with a low complexity decoding algorithm that attains many information theoretic limits in error correction and source coding. These codes are closely related to Reed-Muller codes because both can be described with the same algebraic formalism, namely they are generated by evaluations of monomials. However, finding the right set of generating monomials for a polar code which optimises the decoding performances is a nontrivial task and is channel dependent. The purpose of this paper is to reveal some universal properties of these monomials. We will namely prove that there is a way to define a nontrivial (partial) order on monomials so that the monomials generating a polar code devised for a binary-input symmetric channel always form a decreasing set. We call such codes decreasing monomial codes. The fact that polar codes are decreasing monomial codes turns out to have rather deep consequences on their structure. Indeed, we show that decreasing monomial codes have a very large permutation group by proving that it contains a group called lower triangular affine group. Furthermore, the codewords of minimum weight correspond exactly to the orbits of the minimum weight codewords that are obtained from evaluations of monomials of the generating set. In particular, it gives an efficient way of counting the number of minimum weight codewords of a decreasing monomial code and henceforth of a polar code.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01410210
Contributor : Jean-Pierre Tillich <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 6, 2016 - 3:12:46 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 4:55:37 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, March 21, 2017 - 11:59:11 AM

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Magali Bardet, Vlad Dragoi, Ayoub Otmani, Jean-Pierre Tillich. Algebraic properties of polar codes from a new polynomial formalism. International Symposium on Information Theory ISIT 2016, Jul 2016, Barcelona, Spain. pp.230 - 234, ⟨10.1109/ISIT.2016.7541295⟩. ⟨hal-01410210⟩

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