Anisotropic norm-oriented mesh adaptation for a Poisson problem

Abstract : We present a novel formulation for the mesh adaptation of the approximation of a Partial Differential Equation (PDE). The discussion is restricted to a Poisson problem. The proposed norm-oriented formulation extends the goal-oriented formulation since it is equation-based and uses an adjoint. At the same time, the norm-oriented formulation somewhat supersedes the goal-oriented one since it is basically a solution-convergent method. Indeed, goal-oriented methods rely on the reduction of the error in evaluating a chosen scalar output with the consequence that, as mesh size is increased (more degrees of freedom), only this output is proven to tend to its continuous analog while the solution field itself may not converge. A remarkable quality of goal-oriented metric-based adaptation is the mathematical formulation of the mesh adaptation problem under the form of the optimization, in the well-identified set of metrics, of a well-defined functional. In the new proposed formulation, we amplify this advantage. We search, in the same well-identified set of metrics, the minimum of a norm of the approximation error. The norm is prescribed by the user and the method allows addressing the case of multi-objective adaptation like, for example in aerodynamics, adaptating the mesh for drag, lift and moment in one shot. In this work, we consider the basic linear finite-element approximation and restrict our study to L 2 norm in order to enjoy second-order convergence. Numerical examples for the Poisson problem are computed.
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Journal of Computational Physics, Elsevier, 2016, 322, pp.804 - 826. 〈10.1016/j.jcp.2016.07.008〉
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Gautier Brèthes, Alain Dervieux. Anisotropic norm-oriented mesh adaptation for a Poisson problem. Journal of Computational Physics, Elsevier, 2016, 322, pp.804 - 826. 〈10.1016/j.jcp.2016.07.008〉. 〈hal-01413431〉

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