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Formal Foundations of 3D Geometry to Model Robot Manipulators

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Abstract

We are interested in the formal specification of safety properties of robot manipulators down to the mathematical physics. To this end, we have been developing a formalization of the mathematics of rigid body transformations in the COQ proof-assistant. It can be used to address the forward kinematics problem, i.e., the computation of the position and orientation of the end-effector of a robot manipulator in terms of the link and joint parameters. Our formalization starts by extending the Mathematical Components library with a new theory for angles and by developing three-dimensional geometry. We use these theories to formalize the foundations of robotics. First, we formalize a comprehensive theory of three-dimensional rotations, including exponentials of skew-symmetric matrices and quaternions. Then, we provide a formalization of the various representations of rigid body transformations: isometries, homogeneous representation, the Denavit-Hartenberg convention, and screw motions. These ingredients make it possible to formalize robot manipulators: we illustrate this aspect by an application to the SCARA robot manipulator.
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Dates and versions

hal-01414753 , version 1 (12-12-2016)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-01414753 , version 1

Cite

Reynald Affeldt, Cyril Cohen. Formal Foundations of 3D Geometry to Model Robot Manipulators. Conference on Certified Programs and Proofs 2017, Jan 2017, Paris, France. ⟨hal-01414753⟩
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