Efficient Utility Improvement for Location Privacy

Konstantinos Chatzikokolakis 1 Ehab Elsalamouny 2, 1 Catuscia Palamidessi 1
1 COMETE - Concurrency, Mobility and Transactions
Inria Saclay - Ile de France, LIX - Laboratoire d'informatique de l'École polytechnique [Palaiseau]
Abstract : The continuously increasing use of location-based services poses an important threat to the privacy of users. A natural defense is to employ an obfuscation mechanism, such as those providing geo-indistinguishability, a framework for obtaining formal privacy guarantees that has become popular in recent years. Ideally, one would like to employ an optimal obfuscation mechanism, providing the best utility among those satisfying the required privacy level. In theory optimal mechanisms can be constructed via linear programming. In practice, however, this is only feasible for a radically small number of locations. As a consequence, all known applications of geo-indistinguishability simply use noise drawn from a planar Laplace distribution. In this work, we study methods for substantially improving the utility of location obfuscation, while maintaining practical applicability as a main goal. We provide such solutions for both infinite (continuous or discrete) as well as large but finite domains of locations, using a Bayesian remapping procedure as a key ingredient. We evaluate our techniques in two real world complete datasets, without any restriction on the evaluation area, and show important utility improvements with respect to the standard planar Laplace approach.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Proceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies, De Gruyter Open, 2017, 2017 (4), pp.308-328. 〈10.1515/popets-2017-0051〉
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Soumis le : samedi 22 juillet 2017 - 19:02:50
Dernière modification le : jeudi 7 février 2019 - 16:38:48


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Konstantinos Chatzikokolakis, Ehab Elsalamouny, Catuscia Palamidessi. Efficient Utility Improvement for Location Privacy. Proceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies, De Gruyter Open, 2017, 2017 (4), pp.308-328. 〈10.1515/popets-2017-0051〉. 〈hal-01422842v2〉



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