Much Ado About Time: Exhaustive Annotation of Temporal Data

Abstract : Large-scale annotated datasets allow AI systems to learn from and build upon the knowledge of the crowd. Many crowdsourcing techniques have been developed for collecting image annotations. These techniques often implicitly rely on the fact that a new input image takes a negligible amount of time to perceive. In contrast, we investigate and determine the most cost-effective way of obtaining high-quality multi-label annotations for temporal data such as videos. Watching even a short 30-second video clip requires a significant time investment from a crowd worker; thus, requesting multiple annotations following a single viewing is an important cost-saving strategy. But how many questions should we ask per video? We conclude that the optimal strategy is to ask as many questions as possible in a HIT (up to 52 binary questions after watching a 30-second video clip in our experiments). We demonstrate that while workers may not correctly answer all questions, the cost-benefit analysis nevertheless favors consensus from multiple such cheap-yet-imperfect iterations over more complex alternatives. When compared with a one-question-per-video baseline, our method is able to achieve a 10% improvement in recall 76.7% ours versus 66.7% baseline) at comparable precision (83.8% ours versus 83.0% baseline) in about half the annotation time (3.8 minutes ours compared to 7.1 minutes baseline). We demonstrate the effectiveness of our method by collecting multi-label annotations of 157 human activities on 1,815 videos.
Type de document :
Pré-publication, Document de travail
HCOMP 2016 Camera Ready. 2016
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Contributeur : Guilhem Chéron <>
Soumis le : mercredi 11 janvier 2017 - 09:09:34
Dernière modification le : mardi 12 juin 2018 - 01:20:08

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  • HAL Id : hal-01431527, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1607.07429



Gunnar A. Sigurdsson, Olga Russakovsky, Ali Farhadi, Ivan Laptev, Abhinav Gupta. Much Ado About Time: Exhaustive Annotation of Temporal Data. HCOMP 2016 Camera Ready. 2016. 〈hal-01431527〉



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