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Gadolinium-staining reveals amyloid plaques in the brain of Alzheimer's transgenic mice

Abstract : Detection of amyloid plaques in the brain by in vivo neuroimaging is a very promising biomarker approach for early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and evaluation of therapeutic efficacy. Here we describe a new method to detect amyloid plaques by in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based on the intracerebroventricular injection of a nontargeted gadolinium (Gd)-based contrast agent, which rapidly diffuses throughout the brain and increases the signal and contrast of magnetic resonance (MR) images by shortening the T1 relaxation time. This gain in image sensitivity after in vitro and in vivo Gd staining significantly improves the detection and resolution of individual amyloid plaques in the cortex and hippocampus of AD transgenic mice. The improved image resolution is sensitive enough to demonstrate an age-dependent increase of amyloid plaque load and a good correlation between the amyloid load measured by MRI and histology. These results provide the first demonstration that nontargeted Gd staining can enhance the detection of amyloid plaques to follow the progression of AD and to evaluate the activity of amyloid-lowering therapeutic strategies in longitudinal studies.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 19, 2017 - 12:11:54 PM
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Alexandra Petiet, Mathieu Santin, Anne Bertrand, Christopher J Wiggins, Fanny Petit, et al.. Gadolinium-staining reveals amyloid plaques in the brain of Alzheimer's transgenic mice. Neurobiology of Aging, 2012, 33 (8), pp.1533-1544. ⟨10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2011.03.009⟩. ⟨hal-01439340⟩



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