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Private Minutia-Based Fingerprint Matching

Abstract : In this paper, we propose an efficient biometric authentication protocol for fingerprints particularly suited for the minutia-based representation. The novelty of the protocol is that we integrate the most efficient (linear complexity) private set intersection cardinality protocol of Cristofaro et al. and a suitable helper data system for biometrics in order to improve the accuracy of the system. We analyze the security of our scheme in the standard model based on well-exploited assumptions, considering malicious parties, which is essential to eliminate specific attacks on biometric authentication schemes designed for semi-honest adversaries only. Finally, the complexity is compared to the existing provably secure schemes for fingerprint matching, which shows that the new proposal outperforms them both in semi-honest and malicious security models.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01442553
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Submitted on : Friday, January 20, 2017 - 4:48:03 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 20, 2017 - 4:52:45 PM
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Neyire Sarier. Private Minutia-Based Fingerprint Matching. 9th Workshop on Information Security Theory and Practice (WISTP), Aug 2015, Heraklion, Crete, Greece. pp.52-67, ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-24018-3_4⟩. ⟨hal-01442553⟩

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