Numerical and experimental investigation of mucociliary clearance breakdown in cystic fibrosis

Abstract : The human tracheobronchial tree surface is covered with mucus. A healthy mucus is an heterogeneous material flowing toward the esophagus and a major defense actor against local pathogen proliferation and pollutant deposition. An alteration of mucus or its environment such as in cystic fibrosis dramatically impacts the mucociliary clearance. In the present study, we investigate the mechanical organization and the physics of such mucus in human lungs by means of a joint experimental and numerical work. In particular, we focus on the influence of the shear-thinning mucus mobilized by a ciliated epithelium for mucociliary clearance. The proposed robust numerical method is able to manage variations of more than 5 orders of magnitude in the shear rate and viscosity. It leads to a cartography that allows to discuss major issues on defective mucociliary clearance in cystic fibrosis. Furthermore, the computational rheological analysis based on measurements shows that cystic fibrosis shear-thinning mucus tends to aggregate in regions of lower clearance. Yet, a rarefaction of periciliary fluid has a greater impact than the mucus shear-thinning effects.
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Journal of Biomechanics, Elsevier, 2017, pp.8. 〈10.1016/j.jbiomech.2016.12.026〉
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Robin Chatelin, Dominique Anne-Archard, Marlene Murris-Espin, Marc Thiriet, Philippe Poncet. Numerical and experimental investigation of mucociliary clearance breakdown in cystic fibrosis. Journal of Biomechanics, Elsevier, 2017, pp.8. 〈10.1016/j.jbiomech.2016.12.026〉. 〈hal-01476172〉

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