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When man became a number: The military registration number in the registers of the Royal Invalides (17th-18th centuries)

Abstract : Exceptional by their richness and continuity, since they follow one another almost without flaw, from 1670 until after the First World War, admission registers at the Royal Hôtel of Invalides allowed to undertake a large historical epidemiological investigation : 47 registers, with over 110,000 individual records recorded from 1670 to 1791, were subjected to a random sampling of 1 / 10th. The 11,528 reports gathered have helped to better understand the health status of a part of the adult male population in modern France. Along the way, their study also yielded a wealth of informations of various kinds. Thus, the analysis of the internal organization of records has shown how have been implemented the administrative tools of identification of individuals in modern times. In the space of ten years -from 1670 to 1680, the archives secretaries have moved from identification by the first name and patronymic to the allocation of a registration number. It’s, inside the Invalides, that man seemed to become a number.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01487575
Contributor : Elisabeth Belmas <>
Submitted on : Sunday, March 12, 2017 - 6:53:24 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 20, 2020 - 1:42:06 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, June 13, 2017 - 12:21:50 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01487575, version 1

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Elisabeth Belmas. When man became a number: The military registration number in the registers of the Royal Invalides (17th-18th centuries) . Dire et se dire militaire en Occident, 1494-1870: les mots du militaire, Université Paris 1-Panthéon Sorbonne, CRHM, IHRF, Feb 2011, Paris, France. ⟨hal-01487575⟩

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