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A Scalable Inline Cluster Deduplication Framework for Big Data Protection

Abstract : Cluster deduplication has become a widely deployed technology in data protection services for Big Data to satisfy the requirements of service level agreement (SLA). However, it remains a great challenge for cluster deduplication to strike a sensible tradeoff between the conflicting goals of scalable deduplication throughput and high duplicate elimination ratio in cluster systems with low-end individual secondary storage nodes. We propose ∑-Dedupe, a scalable inline cluster deduplication framework, as a middleware deployable in cloud data centers, to meet this challenge by exploiting data similarity and locality to optimize cluster deduplication in inter-node and intra-node scenarios, respectively. Governed by a similarity-based stateful data routing scheme, ∑-Dedupe assigns similar data to the same backup server at the super-chunk granularity using a handprinting technique to maintain high cluster-deduplication efficiency without cross-node deduplication, and balances the workload of servers from backup clients. Meanwhile, ∑-Dedupe builds a similarity index over the traditional locality-preserved caching design to alleviate the chunk index-lookup bottleneck in each node. Extensive evaluation of our ∑-Dedupe prototype against state-of-the-art schemes, driven by real-world datasets, demonstrates that ∑-Dedupe achieves a cluster-wide duplicate elimination ratio almost as high as the high-overhead and poorly scalable traditional stateful routing scheme but at an overhead only slightly higher than that of the scalable but low duplicate-elimination-ratio stateless routing approaches.
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Yinjin Fu, Hong Jiang, Nong Xiao. A Scalable Inline Cluster Deduplication Framework for Big Data Protection. 13th International Middleware Conference (MIDDLEWARE), Dec 2012, Montreal, QC, Canada. pp.354-373, ⟨10.1007/978-3-642-35170-9_18⟩. ⟨hal-01555548⟩

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