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Prediction of Post-Ablation Outcome in Atrial Fibrillation Using Shape Parameterization and Partial Least Squares Regression

Abstract : To analyze left atrial remodeling may reveal shape features related to post-ablation outcome in atrial fibrillation, which helps in identifying suitable candidates before ablation. In this article, we propose an application of diffeomorphometry and partial least squares regression to address this problem. We computed a template of left atrial shape in control group and then encoded the shapes in atrial fibrillation with a large set of parameters representing their diffeomorphic deformation. We applied a two-step partial least squares regression. The first step eliminates the influence of atrial volume in shape parameters. The second step links deformations directly to post-ablation recurrence and derives a few principle modes of deformation, which are unrelated to volume change but are involved in post-ablation recurrence. These modes contain information on ablation success due to shape differences, resulting from remodeling or influencing ablation procedure. Some details are consistent with the most complex area of ablation in clinical practice. Finally, we compared our method against the left atrial volume index by quantifying the risk of post-ablation recurrence within six months. Our results show that we get better prediction capabilities (area under receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC = 0.73) than left atrial dilation (AUC = 0.47), which outperforms the current state of the art.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01574831
Contributor : Project-Team Asclepios <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 16, 2017 - 4:41:08 PM
Last modification on : Monday, August 31, 2020 - 1:06:16 PM

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Shuman Jia, Claudia Camaioni, Marc-Michel Rohé, Pierre Jaïs, Xavier Pennec, et al.. Prediction of Post-Ablation Outcome in Atrial Fibrillation Using Shape Parameterization and Partial Least Squares Regression. FIMH 2017 - International Conference on Functional Imaging and Modeling of the Heart, Jun 2017, Toronto, Canada. pp.314 - 321, ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-59448-4_30⟩. ⟨hal-01574831⟩

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