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Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2017

Continuous selection pressure to improve temperature acclimation of Tisochrysis lutea

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Abstract

Temperature plays a key role in outdoor industrial cultivation of microalgae. Improving the thermal tolerance of microalgae to both daily and seasonal temperature fluctuations can thus contribute to increase their annual productivity. A long term selection experiment was carried out to increase the thermal niche (temperature range for which the growth is possible) of a neutral lipid overproducing strain of Tisochrysis lutea. The experimental protocol consisted to submit cells to daily variations of temperature for 7 months. The stress intensity, defined as the amplitude of daily temperature variations, was progressively increased along successive selection cycles. Only the amplitude of the temperature variations were increased, the daily average temperature was kept constant along the experiment. This protocol resulted in a thermal niche increase by 3°C (+16.5 %), with an enhancement by 9 % of the maximal growth rate. The selection process also affected T. lutea physiology, with a feature generally observed for 'cold-temperature' type of adaptation. The amount of total and neutral lipids was significantly increased, and eventually productivity was increased by 34%. This seven month selection experiment, carried out in a highly dynamic environment, challenges some of the hypotheses classically advanced to explain the temperature response of microalgae.
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Dates and versions

hal-01576865 , version 1 (24-08-2017)

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Hubert Bonnefond, Ghjuvan Micaelu Grimaud, Judith Rumin, Gaël Bougaran, Amélie Talec, et al.. Continuous selection pressure to improve temperature acclimation of Tisochrysis lutea. PLoS ONE, 2017, ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0183547⟩. ⟨hal-01576865⟩
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