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A new metric for evaluating semantic segmentation: leveraging global and contour accuracy

Eduardo Fernandez-Moral 1 Renato Martins 1 Denis Wolf 2 Patrick Rives 1
1 Lagadic - Visual servoing in robotics, computer vision, and augmented reality
IRISA-D5 - SIGNAUX ET IMAGES NUMÉRIQUES, ROBOTIQUE, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique
Abstract : Semantic segmentation of images is an important problem for mobile robotics and autonomous driving because it offers basic information which can be used for complex reasoning and safe navigation. Different solutions have been proposed for this problem along the last two decades, and a relevant increment on accuracy has been achieved recently with the application of deep neural networks for image segmentation. One of the main issues when comparing different neural networks architectures is how to select an appropriate metric to evaluate their accuracy. Furthermore, commonly employed evaluation metrics can display divergent outcomes, and thus it is not clear how to rank different image segmentation solutions. This paper proposes a new metric which accounts for both global and contour accuracy in a simple formulation to overcome the weaknesses of previous metrics. We show with several examples the suitability of our approach and present a comparative analysis of several commonly used metrics for semantic segmentation together with a statistical analysis of their correlation. Several network segmentation models are used for validation with virtual and real benchmark image sequences, showing that our metric captures information of the most commonly used metrics in a single scalar value.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01581525
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Submitted on : Monday, September 4, 2017 - 8:03:19 PM
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Eduardo Fernandez-Moral, Renato Martins, Denis Wolf, Patrick Rives. A new metric for evaluating semantic segmentation: leveraging global and contour accuracy. Workshop on Planning, Perception and Navigation for Intelligent Vehicles, PPNIV17, Sep 2017, Vancouver, Canada. ⟨hal-01581525⟩

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