A Core Ontology of Safety Risk Concepts

Abstract : Safety is a major concern for both automobiles and railway vehicles. The related standards provide definitions of the same concepts such as Risk, Harm, Hazard, etc., which we consider here as the core concepts. However, related conceptual models existing in the scientific literature either are inconsistent or do not cover the core concepts comprehensively.We modeled the core of these safety concepts ourselves both in meetings and with tool support, based on the definitions given in the related standards. As a result, this paper presents a small core ontology of safety risk concepts for reconciling the scientific literature with standards. Since it matches the terminology of the related standards, it may serve as a reference model in the future. In fact, we already used it ourselves for systematically studying where human error may compromise safety.
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Cristian Bogdan; Jan Gulliksen; Stefan Sauer; Peter Forbrig; Marco Winckler; Chris Johnson; Philippe Palanque; Regina Bernhaupt; Filip Kis. 6th International Conference on Human-Centred Software Engineering (HCSE) / 8th International Conference on Human Error, Safety, and System Development (HESSD), Aug 2016, Stockholm, Sweden. Springer International Publishing, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, LNCS-9856, pp.165-180, 2016, Human-Centered and Error-Resilient Systems Development. 〈10.1007/978-3-319-44902-9_11〉
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Hermann Kaindl, Thomas Rathfux, Bernhard Hulin, Roland Beckert, Edin Arnautovic, et al.. A Core Ontology of Safety Risk Concepts. Cristian Bogdan; Jan Gulliksen; Stefan Sauer; Peter Forbrig; Marco Winckler; Chris Johnson; Philippe Palanque; Regina Bernhaupt; Filip Kis. 6th International Conference on Human-Centred Software Engineering (HCSE) / 8th International Conference on Human Error, Safety, and System Development (HESSD), Aug 2016, Stockholm, Sweden. Springer International Publishing, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, LNCS-9856, pp.165-180, 2016, Human-Centered and Error-Resilient Systems Development. 〈10.1007/978-3-319-44902-9_11〉. 〈hal-01647717〉

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