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Quantum spectral analysis: frequency in time, with applications to signal and image processing

Mario Mastriani 1
1 QCG - Quantum Communications Group
Merxcomm LLC - Merx Communications LLC
Abstract : A quantum time-dependent spectrum analysis, or simply, quantum spectral analysis (QSA) is presented in this work, and it's based on Schrödinger equation, which is a partial differential equation that describes how the quantum state of a non-relativistic physical system changes with time. In classic world is named frequency in time (FIT), which is presented here in opposition and as a complement of traditional spectral analysis frequency-dependent based on Fourier theory. Besides, FIT is a metric, which assesses the impact of the flanks of a signal on its frequency spectrum, which is not taken into account by Fourier theory and even less in real time. Even more, and unlike all derived tools from Fourier Theory (i.e., continuous, discrete, fast, short-time, fractional and quantum Fourier Transform, as well as, Gabor) FIT has the following advantages: a) compact support with excellent energy output treatment, b) low computational cost, O(N) for signals and O(N 2) for images, c) it does not have phase uncertainties (indeterminate phase for magnitude = 0) as Discrete and Fast Fourier Transform (DFT, FFT, respectively), d) among others. In fact, FIT constitutes one side of a triangle (which from now on is closed) and it consists of the original signal in time, spectral analysis based on Fourier Theory and FIT. Thus a toolbox is completed, which it is essential for all applications of Digital Signal Processing (DSP) and Digital Image Processing (DIP); and, even, in the latter, FAT allows edge detection (which is called flank detection in case of signals), denoising, despeckling, compression, and superresolution of still images. Such applications include signals intelligence and imagery intelligence. On the other hand, we will present other DIP tools, which are also derived from the Schrödinger equation. Besides, we discuss several examples for spectral analysis, edge detection, denoising, despeckling, compression and superresolution in a set of experimental results in an important section on Applications and Simulations, respectively. Finally, we finish this work with special section dedicated to Conclusions.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 26, 2018 - 6:46:09 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 22, 2019 - 3:36:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, March 27, 2019 - 2:02:58 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01654125, version 3

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Mario Mastriani. Quantum spectral analysis: frequency in time, with applications to signal and image processing. 2017. ⟨hal-01654125v3⟩

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