Online Natural Gradient as a Kalman Filter

Yann Ollivier 1, 2, 3
1 TAU - TAckling the Underspecified
LRI - Laboratoire de Recherche en Informatique, UP11 - Université Paris-Sud - Paris 11, Inria Saclay - Ile de France, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR8623
Abstract : We establish a full relationship between Kalman filtering and Amari's natural gradient in statistical learning. Namely, using an online natural gradient descent on data log-likelihood to evaluate the parameter of a probabilistic model from a series of observations, is exactly equivalent to using an extended Kalman filter to estimate the parameter (assumed to have constant dynamics). In the i.i.d. case, this relation is a consequence of the "information filter" phrasing of the extended Kalman filter. In the recurrent (state space, non-i.i.d.) case, we prove that the joint Kalman filter over states and parameters is a natural gradient on top of real-time recurrent learning (RTRL), a classical algorithm to train recurrent models. This exact algebraic correspondence provides relevant settings for natural gradient hyperparameters such as learning rates or initialization and regularization of the Fisher information matrix.
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Contributor : Yann Ollivier <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 11, 2017 - 10:50:31 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 8, 2019 - 8:36:01 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01660622, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1703.00209


Yann Ollivier. Online Natural Gradient as a Kalman Filter. 2017. ⟨hal-01660622⟩



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