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Velocity–pressure loops for continuous assessment of ventricular afterload: influence of pressure measurement site

Abstract : VPloop, the graphical representation of pressure versus velocity, and its characteristic angles, GALA and β, can be used to monitor cardiac afterload during anesthesia. Ideally VPloop should be measured from pressure and velocity obtained at the same arterial location but standard of care usually provide either radial or femoral pressure waveforms. The purpose of this study was to look at the influence of arterial sites and the use of a transfer function (TF) on VPloop and its related angles. Invasive pressure signals were recorded in 25 patients undergoing neuroradiology intervention under general anesthesia with transesophageal flow velocity monitoring. Pressures were recorded in the descending thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta, femoral and radial arteries. We compared GALA and β from VPloops generated from each location and in high and low risk patients. GALA was similar in the central locations (55°[49–63], 52°[47–61] and 54°[45–62] from descending thoracic to femoral artery, median[interquartile], p = 0.10), while there was a difference in β angle (16°[4–27] to 8°[3–15], p < 0.0001). GALA and β obtained from radial waveforms were different (39°[31–47] compared to 46°[36–54] and 6°[2–14] compared to 16°[4–27] for GALA and β angles respectively, p < 0.001) which was corrected by the use of a TF (45°[32–55] and 17°[5–28], p = ns). GALA and β are underestimated when measured with a radial catheter. Using pressure waveforms from femoral locations alters VPloops, GALA and β in a smaller extend. The use of a TF on radial pressure allows to correctly plot VPloops and their characteristic angles for routine clinical use.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 18, 2017 - 11:38:21 AM
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Jona Joachim, Fabrice Vallée, Joaquim Mateo, Arthur Le Gall, Stéphanie Lenck, et al.. Velocity–pressure loops for continuous assessment of ventricular afterload: influence of pressure measurement site. Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing, Springer Verlag, In press, pp.1-8. ⟨10.1007/s10877-017-0082-3⟩. ⟨hal-01666355⟩



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