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A Performance Survey of Lightweight Virtualization Techniques

Abstract : The increasing prevalence of the microservice paradigm creates a new demand for low-overhead virtualization techniques. Complementing containerization, unikernels are emerging as alternative approaches. With both techniques undergoing rapid improvements, the current landscape of lightweight virtualization approaches presents a confusing scenery, complicating the task of choosing a suited technology for an intended purpose. This work provides a comprehensive performance comparison covering containers, unikernels, whole-system virtualization, native hardware, and combinations thereof. Representing common workloads in microservice-based applications, we assess application performance using HTTP servers and a key-value store. With the microservice deployment paradigm in mind, we evaluate further characteristics such as startup time, image size, network latency, and memory footprint.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 8, 2018 - 3:00:26 PM
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Max Plauth, Lena Feinbube, Andreas Polze. A Performance Survey of Lightweight Virtualization Techniques. 6th European Conference on Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing (ESOCC), Sep 2017, Oslo, Norway. pp.34-48, ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-67262-5_3⟩. ⟨hal-01677609⟩

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