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Computational Discovery of Direct Associations between GO terms and Protein Domains

Seyed Ziaeddin Alborzi 1 David Ritchie 1 Marie-Dominique Devignes 1
1 CAPSID - Computational Algorithms for Protein Structures and Interactions
Inria Nancy - Grand Est, LORIA - AIS - Department of Complex Systems, Artificial Intelligence & Robotics
Abstract : Background: Families of related proteins and their different functions may be described systematically using common classifications and ontologies such as Pfam and GO (Gene Ontology), for example. However, many proteins consist of multiple domains, and each domain, or some combination of domains, can be responsible for a particular molecular function. Therefore, identifying which domains should be associated with a specific function is a non-trivial task.Results: We describe a general approach for the computational discovery of associations between different sets of annotations by formalising the problem as a bipartite graph enrichment problem in the setting of a tripartite graph. We call this approach “CODAC” (for COmputational Discovery of Direct Associations using Common Neighbours). As one application of this approach, we describe “GODomainMiner” for associating GO terms with protein domains. We used GODomainMiner to predict GO-domain associations between each of the 3 GO ontology namespaces (MF, BP, and CC) and the Pfam, CATH, and SCOP domain classifications. Overall, GODomainMiner yields average enrichments of 15-, 41- and 25-fold GO-domain associations compared to the existing GO annotations in these 3 domain classifications, respectively.Conclusions: These associations could potentially be used to annotate many of the protein chains in the Protein Databank and protein sequences in UniProt whose domain composition is known but which currently lack GO annotation.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 7:05:30 PM
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Seyed Ziaeddin Alborzi, David Ritchie, Marie-Dominique Devignes. Computational Discovery of Direct Associations between GO terms and Protein Domains. BMC Bioinformatics, BioMed Central, 2018, 19 (Suppl 14), pp.413. ⟨10.1186/s12859-018-2380-2⟩. ⟨hal-01777508⟩



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