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Multi-Scale Simulation of Nonlinear Thin-Shell Sound with Wave Turbulence

Abstract : Thin shells — solids that are thin in one dimension compared to the other two — often emit rich nonlinear sounds when struck. Strong excitations can even cause chaotic thin-shell vibrations, producing sounds whose energy spectrum diffuses from low to high frequencies over time — a phenomenon known as wave turbulence. It is all these nonlinearities that grant shells such as cymbals and gongs their characteristic " glinting " sound. Yet, simulation models that efficiently capture these sound effects remain elusive. We propose a physically based, multi-scale reduced simulation method to synthesize nonlinear thin-shell sounds. We first split nonlinear vibrations into two scales, with a small low-frequency part simulated in a fully nonlinear way, and a high-frequency part containing many more modes approximated through time-varying linearization. This allows us to capture interesting nonlinearities in the shells' deformation, tens of times faster than previous approaches. Furthermore, we propose a method that enriches simulated sounds with wave turbulent sound details through a phenomenological diffusion model in the frequency domain, and thereby sidestep the expensive simulation of chaotic high-frequency dynamics. We show several examples of our simulations, illustrating the efficiency and realism of our model.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 22, 2018 - 11:18:32 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 25, 2021 - 9:46:05 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 25, 2018 - 1:47:17 PM

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Gabriel Cirio, Ante Qu, George Drettakis, Eitan Grinspun, Changxi Zheng. Multi-Scale Simulation of Nonlinear Thin-Shell Sound with Wave Turbulence. ACM Transactions on Graphics, Association for Computing Machinery, 2018, 37 (4), pp.14. ⟨10.1145/3197517.3201361⟩. ⟨hal-01797920⟩

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