Modulation of spike-timing dependent plasticity: towards the inclusion of a third factor in computational models

Abstract : In spike-timing dependent plasticity (STDP) change in synaptic strength depends on the timing of pre- versus postsynaptic spiking activity. Since STDP is in compliance with Hebb’s postulate, it is considered one of the major mechanisms of memory storage and recall. STDP comprises a system of two coincidence detectors with NMDA receptor activation often posited as one of the main components. Numerous studies have unveiled a third component of this coincidence detection system, namely neuromodulation and glia activity shaping STDP. Even though dopaminergic control of STDP has most often been reported, acetylcholine, noradrenaline, nitric oxide, BDNF or GABA also has been shown to effectively modulate STDP. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that astrocytes, via the release or uptake of glutamate, gate STDP expression. At the most fundamental level, the timing properties of STDP are expected to depend on the spatiotemporal dynamics of the underlying signaling pathways. However in most cases, due to technical limitations experiments grant only indirect access to these pathways. Computational models carefully constrained by experiments, allow for a better qualitative understanding of the molecular basis of STDP and its regulation by neuromodulators. Recently, computational models of calcium dynamics and signaling pathway molecules have started to explore STDP emergence in ex and in vivo-like conditions. These models are expected to reproduce better at least part of the complex modulation of STDP as an emergent property of the underlying molecular pathways. Elucidation of the mechanisms underlying STDP modulation and its consequences on network dynamics is of critical importance and will allow better understanding of the major mechanisms of memory storage and recall both in health and disease.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 3, 2018 - 5:55:06 PM
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Alexandre Foncelle, Alexandre Mendes, Joanna Jedrzejewska-Szmek, Silvana Valtcheva, Hugues Berry, et al.. Modulation of spike-timing dependent plasticity: towards the inclusion of a third factor in computational models. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, Frontiers, 2018, 12, pp.49. ⟨10.3389/fncom.2018.00049⟩. ⟨hal-01809075v2⟩



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