G. Antoniou, F. Van-harmelen, W. Semantic, and . Primer, , 2004.

S. Auer, J. Lehmann, and S. Hellmann, LinkedGeoData: Adding a Spatial Dimension to the Web of Data, Proceedings of the Eighth International Semantic Web Conference, pp.731-746, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-04930-9_46

A. Ballatore, D. Wilson, and M. Bertolotto, A survey of volunteered open geo-knowledge bases in the semantic web, in Quality Issues in the Management, pp.93-120, 2013.

M. Bouet and M. Israel, INSPIRE Ontology Handler: Automatically building and managing a knowledge base for Critical Information Infrastructure protection, 12th IFIP/IEEE International Symposium on Integrated Network Management (IM 2011) and Workshops, pp.694-697, 2011.
DOI : 10.1109/INM.2011.5990658

E. Castorini, P. Palazzari, A. Tofani, and P. Servillo, Ontological Framework to Model Critical Infrastructures and their Interdependencies, 2010 Complexity in Engineering, pp.91-93, 2010.
DOI : 10.1109/COMPENG.2010.25

M. Castrucci, A. Neri, F. Caldeira, J. Aubert, D. Khadraoui et al., Design and implementation of a mediation system enabling secure communication among Critical Infrastructures, International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, vol.5, issue.2, pp.86-97, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ijcip.2012.04.001

M. Choras, R. Kozik, A. Flizikowski, R. Renk, and W. Holubowicz, Ontology-Based Decision Support for Security Management in Heterogeneous Networks, Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Intelligent Computing, pp.920-927, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-04020-7_99

M. Codescu, G. Horsinka, O. Kutz, T. Mossakowski, and R. Rau, OSMonto ? An ontology of OpenStreetMap tags, Proceedings of the First European State of the Map Conference, pp.55-64, 2011.

C. Research, . Development-information-service, and . Project, , p.2017

, Community Research and Development Information Service, INSPIRE Project, p.2017

C. Research, I. Development-information-service, and . Project, , p.2017

C. Research, . Development-information-service, and . Project, , p.2017

O. Corcho and A. Gomez-perez, A Roadmap to Ontology Specification Languages, Proceedings of the Twelfth European Workshop on Knowledge Acquisition, Modeling and Management, pp.80-96, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-39967-4_7

S. Creese, M. Goldsmith, and A. Adetoye, A logical high-level framework for Critical Infrastructure resilience and risk assessment, 2011 Third International Workshop on Cyberspace Safety and Security (CSS), pp.7-14, 2011.
DOI : 10.1109/CSS.2011.6058564

A. De-nicola, M. Melchiori, and M. Villani, A lateral thinking framework for semantic modeling of emergencies in smart cities, Proceedings of the International Conference on Database and Expert Systems Applications, part 2, pp.334-348, 2014.

P. and D. Maio, An Open Ontology for Open Source Emergency Response System, 2007.

T. El-diraby and H. Osman, A domain ontology for construction concepts in urban infrastructure products, Automation in Construction, pp.1120-1132, 2011.

, Commission Decision of 12 December 2011 on the Reuse of Commission Documents, European Commission, pp.320-331, 2011.

, EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 November 2003 on the Reuse of Public Sector Information, 2003.

, on the Reuse of Public Sector Information, pp.2003-0098, 2003.

, Establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE), 2007.

J. Euzenat, P. Shvaiko, and O. Matching, , 2007.

A. Galton and M. Worboys, An ontology of information for emergency management, Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, 2011.

A. Gomez-perez and O. Corcho, Ontology languages for the Semantic Web, IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol.17, issue.1, pp.54-60, 2002.
DOI : 10.1109/5254.988453

M. Goodchild, H. Guo, A. Annoni, L. Bian, K. De-bie et al., Next-generation Digital Earth, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pp.11088-11094, 2012.
DOI : 10.1080/17538947.2010.484869

A. Gore, Earth in the Balance: Ecology and the Human Spirit, Rodale Books, 2006.

K. Grolinger, M. Capretz, A. Shypanski, and G. Gill, Federated critical infrastructure simulators: Towards ontologies for support of collaboration, 2011 24th Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering(CCECE), pp.1503-1506, 2011.
DOI : 10.1109/CCECE.2011.6030715

B. Herfort, M. Eckle, J. Porto-de-albuquerque, and A. Zipf, Towards assessing the quality of volunteered geographic information from OpenStreetMap for identifying critical infrastructures, Proceedings of the Twelfth International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, pp.24-27, 2015.

, Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe INSPIRE, p.2017

, Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe, Legislation, Brussels, Belgium (inspire.ec.europa, p.2017

, Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe, p.2017

H. Kim, M. Biehl, and J. Buzacott, M-CI/sup 2/: modelling cyber interdependencies between critical infrastructures, INDIN '05. 2005 3rd IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics, 2005., pp.644-648, 2005.
DOI : 10.1109/INDIN.2005.1560452

R. Klein, Information modeling and simulation in large dependent critical infrastructures ? An overview of the European Integrated Project IRRIIS, Proceedings of the International Workshop on Critical Information Infrastructures Security, pp.131-143, 2008.

R. Kozik and M. Choras, Current cyber security threats and challenges in critical infrastructures protection, 2013 Second International Conference on Informatics & Applications (ICIA), pp.93-97, 2013.
DOI : 10.1109/ICoIA.2013.6650236

S. Lee and R. Gandhi, Ontology-based active requirements engineering framework, 12th Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference (APSEC'05), 2005.
DOI : 10.1109/APSEC.2005.86

J. Li, Q. Li, S. Khan, and N. Ghani, Community-based cloud for emergency management, 2011 6th International Conference on System of Systems Engineering, pp.55-60, 2011.
DOI : 10.1109/SYSOSE.2011.5966573

. Linkedgeodata and ?. Linkedgeodata, Adding a Spatial Dimension to the Web of Data, p.2017

S. Liu, C. Brewster, and D. Shaw, Ontologies for crisis management: A review of the state of the art in ontology design and usability, Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, pp.349-359, 2013.

H. Luo, X. Peng, and B. Zhong, Application of Ontology in Emergency Plan Management of Metro Operation, Procedia Engineering, vol.164, pp.158-165, 2016.
DOI : 10.1016/j.proeng.2016.11.605

J. Marti, J. Hollman, C. Ventura, and J. Jatskevich, Dynamic recovery of critical infrastructures: real-time temporal coordination, International Journal of Critical Infrastructures, vol.4, issue.1/2, pp.17-31, 2008.
DOI : 10.1504/IJCIS.2008.016089

V. Masucci, F. Adinolfi, P. Servillo, G. Dipoppa, and A. Tofani, Ontologybased critical infrastructure modeling and simulation, Critical Infrastructure Protection III, pp.229-242, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-04798-5_16

URL : https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2F978-3-642-04798-5_16.pdf

, JWI 2.4.0, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, p.2015

A. Nicol, J. Caruso, and E. Archambault, Open Data Access Policies and Strategies in the European Research Area and Beyond, Science-Metrix, 2013.

A. Oltramari, D. Henshel, M. Cains, and B. Hoffman, Towards a human factors ontology for cyber security, Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Semantic Technology for Intelligence, Defense and Security, pp.26-33, 2015.

O. Foundation, S. Openstreetmap, and . Coldfield, , p.2017

O. Foundation, S. Openstreetmap-semantic-network, and . Coldfield, , p.2017

O. Foundation, O. Taginfo, and S. Coldfield, , p.2017

O. Foundation, O. Wiki, and S. Coldfield, , p.2017

O. Foundation, S. Osmonto, and . Coldfield, , p.2017

O. Foundation, A. Overpass, and S. Coldfield, , p.2017

E. Page, R. Briggs, and J. Tufarolo, Toward a family of maturity models for the simulation interconnection problem, Proceedings of the Spring Simulation Interoperability Workshop, pp.1059-1069, 2004.

C. Perrow, Accidents, Normal, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/B0-08-043076-7/04509-5

S. Rinaldi, J. Peerenboom, and T. Kelly, Identifying, understanding, and analyzing critical infrastructure interdependencies, IEEE Control Systems Magazine, vol.21, issue.6, pp.11-25, 2001.
DOI : 10.1109/37.969131

E. Rome, S. Bologna, E. Gelenbe, and E. Luiijf, DIESIS: An interoperable European federated simulation network for critical infrastructures, Proceedings of the European Simulation Interoperability Workshop, pp.139-146, 2009.

P. Shvaiko and J. Euzenat, Ontology Matching: State of the Art and Future Challenges, IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol.25, issue.1, pp.158-176, 2013.
DOI : 10.1109/TKDE.2011.253

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00917910

M. Sicilia and L. Santos, Main Elements of a Basic Ontology of Infrastructure Interdependency for the Assessment of Incidents, Proceedings of the Second World Summit on the Knowledge Society: Visioning and Engineering the Knowledge Society, pp.533-542, 2009.
DOI : 10.1504/IJCIS.2006.009439

R. Soden and L. Palen, From Crowdsourced Mapping to Community Mapping: The Post-earthquake Work of OpenStreetMap Haiti, Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on the Design of Cooperative Systems, pp.311-326, 2014.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-319-06498-7_19

M. Sotoodeh and P. Kruchten, An Ontological Approach to Conceptual Modeling of Disaster Management, 2008 2nd Annual IEEE Systems Conference, 2008.
DOI : 10.1109/SYSTEMS.2008.4519053

C. Stadler, J. Lehmann, K. Hoffner, and S. Auer, LinkedGeoData: A core for a web of spatial open data, pp.333-354, 2012.

G. Stoilos, G. Stamou, and S. Kollias, A String Metric for Ontology Alignment, Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on the Semantic Web, pp.624-637, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/11574620_45

URL : https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2F11574620_45.pdf

T. Takahashi and Y. Kadobayashi, Reference Ontology for Cybersecurity Operational Information, The Computer Journal, vol.58, issue.10, pp.2297-2312, 2015.
DOI : 10.1093/comjnl/bxu101

URL : https://academic.oup.com/comjnl/article-pdf/58/10/2297/5094862/bxu101.pdf

A. Tofani, E. Castorini, P. Palazzari, A. Usov, C. Beyel et al., An ontological approach to simulate critical infrastructures, Journal of Computational Science, vol.1, issue.4, pp.221-228, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jocs.2010.08.001

A. Tolk, The next generation of modeling and simulation: Integrating big data and deep learning, Proceedings of the Summer Computer Simulation Conference, 2015.

A. Tolk, S. Diallo, J. Padilla, and H. Herencia-zapana, Reference modelling in support of M&S???foundations and applications, Journal of Simulation, vol.7, issue.2, pp.69-82, 2013.
DOI : 10.1057/palgrave.jors.2602368

P. Trucco and B. Petrenj, An ontology-based approach to vulnerability and interdependency modeling for critical infrastructure systems, in Safety and Reliability: Methodology and Applications, pp.49-56, 2015.
DOI : 10.1201/b17399-10

P. Trucco, B. Petrenj, S. Bouchon, and C. Mauro, Ontology-based approach to disruption scenario generation for critical infrastructure systems, International Journal of Critical Infrastructures, vol.12, issue.3, pp.248-272, 2016.
DOI : 10.1504/IJCIS.2016.079022

M. Uschold and M. Gruninger, Ontologies and semantics for seamless connectivity, ACM SIGMOD Record, vol.33, issue.4, pp.58-64, 2004.
DOI : 10.1145/1041410.1041420

URL : http://www.sigmod.org/sigmod/record/issues/0412/12.uschold-9.pdf

A. Usov, C. Beyel, E. Rome, U. Beyer, E. Castorini et al., The DIESIS Approach to Semantically Interoperable Federated Critical Infrastructure Simulation, 2010 Second International Conference on Advances in System Simulation, pp.121-128, 2010.
DOI : 10.1109/SIMUL.2010.16

K. Van-dam and Z. Lukszo, Modeling energy and transport infrastructures as a multi-agent system using a generic ontology, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, pp.890-895, 2006.

J. Vazquez-naya, M. Martinez-romero, J. Pereira-loureiro, C. Munteanu, and A. Sierra, Improving Ontology Alignment through Genetic Algorithms, Soft Computing Methods for Practical Environment Solutions: Techniques and Studies IGI Global, pp.240-259, 2010.
DOI : 10.4018/978-1-61520-893-7.ch015

C. Ventura, H. J. Garcia, and J. Marti, Understanding interdependencies among critical infrastructures, Proceedings of the Ninth U.S. National and Tenth Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 2010.

W. Wang, C. Dong, and P. Yang, Ontology modeling of emergency plan systems, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery, pp.290-294, 2009.

W. Wang, A. Tolk, and W. Wang, The levels of conceptual interoperability model: Applying systems engineering principles to M&S, Proceedings of the Spring Simulation Multiconference, 2009.

S. Wolthusen, Modeling critical infrastructure requirements, Proceedings from the Fifth Annual IEEE SMC Information Assurance Workshop, 2004., pp.101-108, 2004.
DOI : 10.1109/IAW.2004.1437804

, Geospatial Semantic Web Community Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, World Wide Web Consortium, p.2017

J. Xu, T. Nyerges, and G. Nie, Modeling and representation for earthquake emergency response knowledge: perspective for working with geo-ontology, International Journal of Geographical Information Science, vol.26, issue.4, pp.185-205, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cageo.2008.03.013