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Parallel scheduling of DAGs under memory constraints

Abstract : Scientific workflows are frequently modeled as Directed Acyclic Graphs (DAG) of tasks, which represent computational modules and their dependencies in the form of data produced by a task and used by another one. This formulation allows the use of runtime systems which dynamically allocate tasks onto the resources of increasingly complex computing platforms. However, for some workflows, such a dynamic schedule may run out of memory by exposing too much parallelism. This paper focuses on the problem of transforming such a DAG to prevent memory shortage, and concentrates on shared memory platforms. We first propose a simple model of DAGs which is expressive enough to emulate complex memory behaviors. We then exhibit a polynomial-time algorithm that computes the maximum peak memory of a DAG, that is, the maximum memory needed by any parallel schedule. We consider the problem of reducing this maximum peak memory to make it smaller than a given bound by adding new fictitious edges, while trying to minimize the critical path of the graph. After proving this problem NP-complete, we provide an ILP solution as well as several heuristic strategies that are thoroughly compared by simulation on synthetic DAGs modeling actual computational workflows. We show that on most instances we are able to decrease the maximum peak memory at the cost of a small increase in the critical path, thus with little impact on quality of the final parallel schedule.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01828312
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 3, 2018 - 10:27:47 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 10:45:37 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, October 1, 2018 - 8:19:47 AM

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Loris Marchal, Hanna Nagy, Bertrand Simon, Frédéric Vivien. Parallel scheduling of DAGs under memory constraints. IPDPS 2018 - 32nd IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, May 2018, Vancouver, Canada. pp.1-10, ⟨10.1109/IPDPS.2018.00030⟩. ⟨hal-01828312⟩

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