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Human inspired effort distribution during collision avoidance in human-robot motion

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Abstract

Recent works in the area of human robot motion showed that behaving in a human-like manner allows a robot to reduce global cognitive effort for people in the environment. Given that collision avoidance situations between people are solved cooperatively, this work models the manner in which this cooperation is done so that a robot can replicate their behavior. To that end, hundreds of situations where two walkers have crossing trajectories were analyzed. Based on these human trajectories involving a collision avoidance task, we determined how total effort is shared between each walker depending on several factors of the interaction such as crossing angle, time to collision and speed. To validate our approach, a proof of concept is integrated into ROS with Reciprocal Velocity Objects (RVO) in order to distribute collision avoidance effort in a human-like way.
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Dates and versions

hal-01831757 , version 1 (06-07-2018)

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José Grimaldo da Silva Filho, Anne-Hélène Olivier, Armel Crétual, Julien Pettré, Thierry Fraichard. Human inspired effort distribution during collision avoidance in human-robot motion. RO-MAN 2018 - 27th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, Aug 2018, Nanjing and Tai'an, China. pp.1111-1117, ⟨10.1109/ROMAN.2018.8525623⟩. ⟨hal-01831757⟩
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