Feedback Enhances Simultaneous Wireless Information and Energy Transmission in Multiple Access Channels

Abstract : In this paper, the fundamental limits of simultaneous information and energy transmission in the two-user Gaussian multiple access channel (G-MAC) with and without feedback are fully characterized. More specifically, all the achievable information and energy transmission rates (in bits per channel use and energy-units per channel use, respectively) are identified. Furthermore, the fundamental limits on the individual and sum-rates given a minimum energy rate ensured at an energy harvester are also characterized. In the case without feedback, an achievability scheme based on power-splitting and successive interference cancellation is shown to be optimal. Alternatively, in the case with feedback (G-MAC-F), a simple yet optimal achievability scheme based on power-splitting and Ozarow's capacity achieving scheme is presented. Finally, the energy transmission enhancement induced by the use of feedback is quantified. Feedback can at most double the energy transmission rate at high SNRs when the information transmission sum-rate is kept fixed at the sum-capacity of the G-MAC, but it has no effect at very low SNRs. Index Terms—Feedback, Gaussian multiple access channel, simultaneous information and energy transmission, RF harvesting, information-energy capacity region.
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Selma Belhadj Amor, Samir Perlaza, Ioannis Krikidis, H. Vincent Poor. Feedback Enhances Simultaneous Wireless Information and Energy Transmission in Multiple Access Channels. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017, 63 (8), pp.5244 - 5265. ⟨10.1109/TIT.2017.2682166⟩. ⟨hal-01857373⟩

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