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An ODE Method to Prove the Geometric Convergence of Adaptive Stochastic Algorithms

Youhei Akimoto 1 Anne Auger 2 Nikolaus Hansen 2 
2 RANDOPT - Randomized Optimisation
CMAP - Centre de Mathématiques Appliquées - Ecole Polytechnique, Inria Saclay - Ile de France
Abstract : We consider stochastic algorithms derived from methods for solving deterministic optimization problems, especially comparison-based algorithms derived from stochastic approximation algorithms with a constant step-size. We develop a methodology for proving geometric convergence of the parameter sequence {θn}n≥0 of such algorithms. We employ the ordinary differential equation (ODE) method, which relates a stochastic algorithm to its mean ODE, along with a Lyapunov-like function Ψ such that the geometric convergence of Ψ(θn) implies -- in the case of an optimization algorithm -- the geometric convergence of the expected distance between the optimum and the search point generated by the algorithm. We provide two sufficient conditions for Ψ(θn) to decrease at a geometric rate: Ψ should decrease "exponentially" along the solution to the mean ODE, and the deviation between the stochastic algorithm and the ODE solution (measured by Ψ) should be bounded by Ψ(θn) times a constant. We also provide practical conditions under which the two sufficient conditions may be verified easily without knowing the solution of the mean ODE. Our results are any-time bounds on Ψ(θn), so we can deduce not only the asymptotic upper bound on the convergence rate, but also the first hitting time of the algorithm. The main results are applied to a comparison-based stochastic algorithm with a constant step-size for optimization on continuous domains.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 10, 2022 - 3:06:00 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 5, 2022 - 8:38:36 AM


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Youhei Akimoto, Anne Auger, Nikolaus Hansen. An ODE Method to Prove the Geometric Convergence of Adaptive Stochastic Algorithms. Stochastic Processes and their Applications, Elsevier, In press, 145, pp.269-307. ⟨10.1016/⟩. ⟨hal-01926472⟩



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