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Fault-tolerant detection of a quantum error

Serge Rosenblum 1 Philip Reinhold 1 Mazyar Mirrahimi 2 Liang Jiang 3 Luigi Frunzio 3 Robert J. Schoelkopf 3
2 QUANTIC - QUANTum Information Circuits
ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris, MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris, SU - Sorbonne Université, Inria de Paris
Abstract : Quantum error correction can allow quantum computers to operate despite the presence of noise and imperfections. A critical component of any error correcting scheme is the mapping of error syndromes onto an ancillary measurement system. However, errors occurring in the ancilla can propagate onto the logical qubit, and irreversibly corrupt the encoded information. Here, we demonstrate a fault-tolerant syndrome measurement scheme that dramatically suppresses forward propagation of ancilla errors. We achieve a fivefold reduction of the logical error probability per measurement, while maintaining the syndrome assignment fidelity. We use the same method to prevent the propagation of thermal ancilla excitations, increasing the logical qubit dephasing time by more than an order of magnitude. Our approach is hardware-efficient, as it uses a single multilevel transmon ancilla and a cavity-encoded logical qubit, whose interaction is engineered in situ using an off-resonant sideband drive. These results demonstrate that hardware-efficient approaches which exploit system-specific error models can yield practical advances towards fault-tolerant quantum computation.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 20, 2018 - 10:52:46 PM
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Serge Rosenblum, Philip Reinhold, Mazyar Mirrahimi, Liang Jiang, Luigi Frunzio, et al.. Fault-tolerant detection of a quantum error. Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2018, 361 (6399), pp.266 - 270. ⟨10.1126/science.aat3996⟩. ⟨hal-01929080⟩



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