Effectiveness and usability of technology-based interventions for children and adolescents with ASD: A systematic review of reliability, consistency, generalization and durability related to the effects of intervention

Abstract : A growing number of studies have investigated technology based interventions (computer, phone, tablet, robot, etc.) for supporting children and teenagers with ASD, notably in school settings. Past reviews stressed study-design weaknesses of TBI researches. This systematic review has threefold purpose: 1) to update the previous ones with a focus on clinical-quality studies; 2) to examine reliability, consistency, durability and generalization of measurements; and 3) to compare the methodology of two cores of studies according to two dimensions: Therapeutic Effectiveness (TE) and Technology Usability (TU). From the 685 search results, 31 studies were selected (22 on TE, 6 on TU, and 3 on TE-TU). Overall, few studies reached the standards of evidence-based practices (reliability, consistency, durability, generalization). TE studies provided more evidence of their reliability than TU and TU-TE studies. Moreover, the examination of studies’ results revealed that: 1) the more robust study designs, the less consistent TBI effect, 2) the more reliable the measure, the less large TBI-related effect size. Although less robust, TE-TU studies can be seen as an emerging interdisciplinary approach, combining expertise in human-computer interaction and clinical research.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 10, 2018 - 3:32:49 PM
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Cécile Mazon, Charles Fage, Hélène Sauzéon. Effectiveness and usability of technology-based interventions for children and adolescents with ASD: A systematic review of reliability, consistency, generalization and durability related to the effects of intervention. Computers in Human Behavior, Elsevier, In press. ⟨hal-01950078⟩

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