Topological data assimilation using Wasserstein distance

Long Li 1, 2 Arthur Vidard 2 François-Xavier Le Dimet 2 Jianwei Ma 3
2 AIRSEA - Mathematics and computing applied to oceanic and atmospheric flows
Grenoble INP - Institut polytechnique de Grenoble - Grenoble Institute of Technology, UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes, LJK - Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes
Abstract : This work combines a level-set approach and the optimal transport-based Wasserstein distance in a data assimilation framework. The primary motivation of this work is to reduce assimilation artifacts resulting from the position and observation error in the tracking and forecast of pollutants present on the surface of oceans or lakes. Both errors lead to spurious effect on the forecast that need to be corrected. In general, the geometric contour of such pollution can be retrieved from observation while more detailed characteristics such as concentration remain unknown. Herein, level sets are tools of choice to model such contours and the dynamical evolution of their topology structures. They are compared with contours extracted from observation using the Wasserstein distance. This allows to better capture position mismatches between both sources compared with the more classical Euclidean distance. Finally, the viability of this approach is demonstrated through academic test cases and its numerical performance is discussed.
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Long Li, Arthur Vidard, François-Xavier Le Dimet, Jianwei Ma. Topological data assimilation using Wasserstein distance. Inverse Problems, IOP Publishing, 2019, 35 (1), pp.015006. ⟨10.1088/1361-6420/aae993⟩. ⟨hal-01960206⟩

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