T. R. Coelho, M. A. Cunha, and M. Pozzebon, eParticipation and the Policy Cycle: Designing a Research Agenda, 18th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research, 2017.

R. Medaglia, The challenged identity of a field: The state of the art of eParticipation research, Inf. Polity, vol.12, pp.169-181, 2007.

Ø. Saebø, J. Rose, and L. S. Flak, The shape of eParticipation: Characterizing an emerging research area, Gov. Inf. Q, vol.25, pp.400-428, 2008.

R. Medaglia, eParticipation research: Moving characterization forward, vol.29, pp.346-360, 2006.

Å. Grönlund, ICT Is Not Participation Is Not Democracy-eParticipation Development Models Revisited, Electronic Participation: Proceedings of the 1st IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, 2009.

W. Jho and K. J. Song, Institutional and technological determinants of civil e-Participation: Solo or duet?, Gov. Inf. Q, vol.32, pp.488-495, 2015.

F. Molinari, On Sustainable eParticipation, Electronic Participation: Proceedings of the 2nd IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, ePart 2010, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01054843

N. Edelmann, J. Hoechtl, and P. Parycek, eParticipation for Adolescent Citizens, Electronic Participation: Proceedings of the 1st IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, 2009.

M. R. Vicente and A. Novo, An empirical analysis of e-participation. The role of social networks and e-government over citizens' online engagement, Gov. Inf. Q, vol.31, pp.379-387, 2014.

, United Nations, UN E-Government Survey, 2016.

Å. Grönlund, Connecting eGovernment to Real Government-The Failure of the UN eParticipation Index, Electronic Government: Proceedings of the 10th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, 2011.

J. Linde and M. Karlsson, The Dictator's New Clothes: The Relationship Between E-Participation and Quality of Government in Non-Democratic Regimes, Int. J. Public Adm, vol.36, pp.269-281, 2013.

M. Karlsson, Carrots and sticks: internet governance in non-democratic regimes, Int. J. Electron. Gov, vol.6, pp.179-186, 2013.

G. J. Gulati, . Jeff, C. B. Williams, and D. J. Yates, Predictors of on-line services and e-participation: A cross-national comparison, Gov. Inf. Q, vol.31, pp.526-533, 2014.

S. F. Maerz, The electronic face of authoritarianism: E-government as a tool for gaining legitimacy in competitive and non-competitive regimes, Gov. Inf. Q, vol.33, pp.727-735

J. Åström, M. Karlsson, J. Linde, and A. Pirannejad, Understanding the rise of e-participation in non-democracies: Domestic and international factors, Gov. Inf. Q, vol.29, pp.142-150, 2012.

M. Kneuer and S. Harnisch, Diffusion of e-government and e-participation in Democracies and Autocracies, Global Policy, vol.7, pp.548-556, 2016.

, Revenge of the "deplorables, The Economist Intelligence Unit. Democracy Index, 2016.

, The Global Gender Gap Report, 2016.

E. Triantaphyllou, Multi-Criteria Decision Making: A Comparative Study, 2000.

R. L. Keeney and H. Raiffa, Decisions with Multiple Objectives: Preferences and Value Tradeoffs, 1976.

, Transparency International.: Corruption Perceptions Index, 2016.

, Digging deeper into corruption, violence against journalists and active civil society

B. Yatsalo, V. Didenko, S. Gritsyuk, and T. Sullivan, Decerns: A Framework for Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis, International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems, vol.8, issue.3, pp.467-489, 2015.
DOI : 10.1080/18756891.2015.1023586

URL : https://download.atlantis-press.com/article/25868609.pdf