Five-year outcomes of the First Distal Uninstrumented Vertebra after posterior fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Lenke 1 or 2

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Tilt of the First Distal Uninstrumented Vertebra (FDUV) reflects changes in the main curve and compensatory lumbar curve after posterior fusion to treat thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). HYPOTHESIS: FDUV tilt 5 years or more post-fusion depends chiefly on reduction of the main curve and on other factors such as selection of the last instrumented vertebra. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A multicenter retrospective cohort of 182 patients with Lenke 1 or 2 AIS treated with posterior instrumentation and followed up for a mean of 8 years and a minimum of 5 years was studied. The patients were divided into two groups based on whether tilt of the upper endplate of the FDUV was ≤5° or >5°at last follow-up. Variables associated with tilt were identified by multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: Six variables were significantly associated with FDUVtilt: percentage of correction at last follow-up, correction loss, lumbar modifier B, number of instrumented vertebrae, inclusion within the instrumentation of the distal neutral vertebra, and inclusion within the instrumentation of the lowest vertebra intersected by the central sacral vertical line. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The main variables associated with FDUVtilt ≤5° were a final correction percentage ≥60% and absence of correction loss between the postoperative period and last follow-up. Given the stable reduction provided by contemporary instrumentations, we recommend selective thoracic fusion of Lenke 1 or 2 AIS with lumbar modifiers A, B, and C. The lowest instrumented vertebra should be either the neutral vertebra or the vertebra intersected by the central sacral vertical line if it is distal to the neutral vertebra. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: Retrospective multicenter study.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [14 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02100386
Contributor : Open Archive Toulouse Archive Ouverte (oatao) <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 15, 2019 - 6:34:11 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 26, 2019 - 1:19:23 AM

File

clement_23131.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

Citation

Jean-Luc Clément, Frederico Solla, Antoine Tran, Christian Morin, Walid Lakhal, et al.. Five-year outcomes of the First Distal Uninstrumented Vertebra after posterior fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Lenke 1 or 2. Orthopaedics and Traumatology - Surgery and Research, Elsevier, 2017, 103 (5), pp.727-731. ⟨10.1016/j.otsr.2017.04.006⟩. ⟨hal-02100386⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

64

Files downloads

22