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Dealing with missing data in model-based clustering through a MNAR model

Christophe Biernacki 1 Gilles Celeux 2 Julie Josse 3 Fabien Laporte 4
2 CELESTE - Statistique mathématique et apprentissage
Inria Saclay - Ile de France, LMO - Laboratoire de Mathématiques d'Orsay
4 MODAL - MOdel for Data Analysis and Learning
Inria Lille - Nord Europe, LPP - Laboratoire Paul Painlevé - UMR 8524, METRICS - Evaluation des technologies de santé et des pratiques médicales - ULR 2694, Polytech Lille - École polytechnique universitaire de Lille, Université de Lille, Sciences et Technologies
Abstract : Since the 90s, model-based clustering is largely used to classify data. Nowadays, with the increase of available data, missing values are more frequent. Traditional ways to deal with them consist to obtain a filled data set, either by discarding missing values or by imputing them. In the first case some information is lost; in the second case the final clustering purpose is not taken into account through the imputation step. Thus both solutions risk to blur the clustering estimation result. Alternatively, we defend the need to embed the missingness mechanism directly within the clustering modeling step. There exists three types of missing data: missing completely at random (MCAR), missing at random (MAR) and missing not at random (MNAR). In all situations, logistic regression is proposed as a natural and flexible candidate model. In particular, its flexibility property allows to design some meaningful parsimonious variants, as dependency on missing values or dependency on the cluster label. In this unified context, standard model selection criteria can be used to select between such different missing data mechanisms, simultaneously with the number of clusters. Practical interest of our proposal is illustrated on data derived from medical studies suffering from many missing data.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 18, 2019 - 3:35:32 PM
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Christophe Biernacki, Gilles Celeux, Julie Josse, Fabien Laporte. Dealing with missing data in model-based clustering through a MNAR model. CRoNos & MDA 2019 - Meeting and Workshop on Multivariate Data Analysis and Software, Apr 2019, Limassol, Cyprus. ⟨hal-02103347⟩

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