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A Specialized Probability Density Function for the Input of Mixture of Gaussian Processes

Abstract : Mixture of Gaussian Processes (MGP) is a generative model being powerful and widely used in the fields of machine learning and data mining. However, when we learn this generative model on a given dataset, we should set the probability density function (pdf) of the input in advance. In general, it can be set as a Gaussian distribution. But, for some actual data like time series, this setting or assumption is not reasonable and effective. In this paper, we propose a specialized pdf for the input of MGP model which is a piecewise-defined continuous function with three parts such that the middle part takes the form of a uniform distribution, while the two side parts take the form of Gaussian distribution. This specialized pdf is more consistent with the uniform distribution of the input than the Gaussian pdf. The two tails of the pdf with the form of a Gaussian distribution ensure the effectiveness of the iteration of the hard-cut EM algorithm for MGPs. It demonstrated by the experiments on the simulation and stock datasets that the MGP model with these specialized pdfs can lead to a better result on time series prediction in comparison with the general MGP models as well as the other classical regression methods.
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Longbo Zhao, Jinwen Ma. A Specialized Probability Density Function for the Input of Mixture of Gaussian Processes. 2nd International Conference on Intelligence Science (ICIS), Nov 2018, Beijing, China. pp.70-80, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-01313-4_8⟩. ⟨hal-02118817⟩

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