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A Multi-tier Communication Scheme for Drone-assisted Disaster Recovery Scenarios

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Abstract

Disaster scenarios are particularly devastating in urban environments, which are generally very densely populated. Disasters not only endanger the life of people, but also affect the existing communication infrastructure. In fact, such an infrastructure could be completely destroyed or damaged; even when it continues working, it suffers from high access demand to its resources within a short period of time, thereby compromising the efficiency of rescue operations. This work leverages the ubiquitous presence of wireless devices (e.g., smartphones) in urban scenarios to assist search and rescue activities following a disaster. It considers multi-interface wireless devices and drones to collect emergency messages in areas affected by natural disasters. Specifically, it proposes a collaborative data collection protocol that organizes wireless devices in multiple tiers by targeting a fair energy consumption in the whole network, thereby extending the network lifetime. Moreover, it introduces a scheme to control the path of drones so as to collect data in a short time. Simulation results in realistic settings show that the proposed solution balances the energy consumption in the network by means of efficient drone routes, thereby effectively assisting search and rescue operations.
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Dates and versions

hal-02152133 , version 1 (11-09-2019)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02152133 , version 1

Cite

Farouk Mezghani, Pranvera Kortoçi, Nathalie Mitton, Mario Di Francesco. A Multi-tier Communication Scheme for Drone-assisted Disaster Recovery Scenarios. PIMRC 2019 - IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, Sep 2019, Istanbul, Turkey. ⟨hal-02152133⟩

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