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Defining Brain-Computer Interfaces: A Human-Computer Interaction Perspective

Hakim Si-Mohammed 1 Géry Casiez 2, 3 Ferran Argelaguet Sanz 1 Nicolas Roussel 4 Anatole Lécuyer 1 
1 Hybrid - 3D interaction with virtual environments using body and mind
Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D6 - MEDIA ET INTERACTIONS
3 LOKI - Technology and knowledge for interaction
Inria Lille - Nord Europe, CRIStAL - Centre de Recherche en Informatique, Signal et Automatique de Lille - UMR 9189
Abstract : Regardless of the term used to designate them, Brain-Computer Interfaces are “Interfaces” between a user and a computer in the broad sense of the term. This paper aims to discuss how BCIs have been defined in the literature from the day the term was introduced by Jacques Vidal. From a Human-Computer Interaction perspective, we propose a new definition of Brain-Computer Interfaces as “any artificial system that transforms brain activity into input of a computer process”. As they are interfaces, their definition should not include the finality and objective of the system they are used to interact with. To illustrate this, we compare BCIs with other widely used Human-Computer Interfaces, and draw analogies in their conception and purpose.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 24, 2019 - 3:38:23 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 22, 2022 - 2:26:16 PM


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  • HAL Id : hal-02163771, version 1


Hakim Si-Mohammed, Géry Casiez, Ferran Argelaguet Sanz, Nicolas Roussel, Anatole Lécuyer. Defining Brain-Computer Interfaces: A Human-Computer Interaction Perspective. GBCIC 2019 - 8th Graz Brain-Computer Interface Conference, Sep 2019, Graz, Austria. pp.1-4. ⟨hal-02163771⟩



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