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Calibration-less parallel imaging compressed sensing reconstruction based on OSCAR regularization

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Abstract

Over the last decade, the combination of parallel imaging (PI) and compressed sensing (CS) in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has allowed to speed up acquisition while maintaining a good signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for millimetric resolution. Self-calibrating techniques such as 1-ESPiRIT have emerged as a standard approach to estimate the coil sensitivity maps that are required at the reconstruction stage. Although straightforward in Cartesian acquisitions, these approaches become more computationally demanding in non-Cartesian scenarios especially for high resolution imaging (e.g. 500 µm in plane). Instead, calibration-less techniques no longer require this prior knowledge to perform multi-channel image reconstruction from undersampled k-space data. In this work, we introduce a new calibration-less PI-CS reconstruction method that is particularly suited to non-Cartesian data. It leverages structure sparsity of the multi-channel images in a wavelet transform domain while adapting to SNR inhomogeneities across receivers thanks to the OSCAR-norm regularization. Comparison and validation on 8 to 20-fold prospectively accelerated high-resolution ex-vivo human brain MRI data collected at 7 Tesla shows that the subbandwise OSCAR-norm regularization achieves the best trade-off between image quality and computational cost at the reconstructions stage compared to other tested versions (global, scalewise and pixel-wise). This approach provides slight to moderate improvement over its state-of-the-art competitors (self-calibrating 1-ESPIRiT method and calibration-less AC-LORAKS and CaLM methods) in terms of closeness to the Cartesian reference magnitude image. Importantly, it also preserves much better phase information compared to other approaches.
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Dates and versions

hal-02292372 , version 1 (19-09-2019)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02292372 , version 1

Cite

Loubna El Gueddari, Emilie Chouzenoux, Alexandre Vignaud, Philippe Ciuciu. Calibration-less parallel imaging compressed sensing reconstruction based on OSCAR regularization. 2019. ⟨hal-02292372⟩
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